Vascular diseases of the liver

Vascular Liver Disease Treatment

What is meant by Vascular Liver Disease?

Vascular diseases of the liver denote a significant health problem in the field of liver disease, although it is affecting less than 5/10,000 patients. A prevalent characteristic of most of these diseases is that they can cause non-cirrhotic portal hypertension with ensuing high morbidity and fatality.
Dr. Chetan Kalal is a Vascular Liver disease specialist in South Mumbai. His major research interest is in Liver diseases. Dr. Kalal is the First DM Hepatologist of Maharashtra.

Vascular Liver diseases are often diagnosed in young patients and their delayed analysis and/or improper treatment can also greatly reduce life expectancy.

Effects of Vascular Liver Disease

Vascular disorders of the liver usually result in inadequate blood flow—whether into or out of the liver. If the problem is related to blood flow out of the liver, blood backs up in the liver, causing a blockage that can result in an enlarged liver. In other cases, liver cells do not receive sufficient blood (called ischemia) and thus are denied for oxygen and nutrients.

 

In clotting diseases, a clot may block the portal vein or a hepatic vein, it will slow down or block the blood flow. Diseases with blockages in blood-flow include:

  • Budd-Chiari syndrome results when the blood clots, block the blood flow from the liver
  • Portal vein thrombosis results when there is a blockage or narrowing of the portal vein by a blood clot.
  • Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome arises when small blood vessels within the liver are blocked.