Our Liver is the largest body organ in our body. It plays a vital role in food digestion, energy storage, and removes poisons. It’s impossible to live with a diseased liver. In such a case, doctors do recommend a liver transplant.
A liver transplant is done when other treatment cannot keep a diseased liver working.
Liver transplantation is the process of replacing a diseased liver with a healthy liver from another person. Liver transplant is suggested as a treatment option for end-stage liver disease and acute liver failure.
What are the types of liver transplant?
Deceased donor transplants
Most livers for transplants come from people who have just died, called deceased donors. During a deceased donor transplant, surgeons remove your diseased or injured liver and replace it with the deceased donor’s liver. Adults typically receive the entire liver from a deceased donor. However, surgeons may split a deceased donor’s liver into two parts. The larger part may go to an adult, and the smaller part may go to a smaller adult or child.
Living donor transplants
Sometimes a healthy living person will donate part of his or her liver, most often to a family member who is recommended for a liver transplant. This type of donor is called a living donor. During a living donor transplant, surgeons remove a part of the living donor’s healthy liver. Surgeons remove your diseased or injured liver and replace it with the part from the living donor. The living donor’s liver grows back to normal size soon after the surgery. The part of the liver that you receive also grows to normal size. Living donor transplants are less common than deceased donor transplants.
Life after a liver transplant
Your symptoms should improve soon after the transplant, but most people will need to stay in hospital for up to 2 weeks.
Recovering from a liver transplant can take a long time, but most people will gradually return to many of their normal activities within a few months.
You’ll need regular follow-up appointments to monitor your progress and you’ll be given immunosuppressant medication that helps to stop your body rejecting your new liver. These usually need to be taken for life.